Architecture buro

Infrastructure and Logistics

Infrastructure and Logistics

Infrastructure and Logistics

Energy Infrastructure

Turkey has increased its installed power capacity for electricity generation to 69,520 MW in 2014, up from 38,843 MW in 2005, while the government has set a specific target to increase the installed power to 125,000 MW by 2023, the centennial celebration of the Republic of Turkey.

Electricity Generation: Installed Power (MW)
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
38,843 40,565 40,777 41,817 44,761 49,524 52,911 57,059 64,007 69,520

Source: Turkish Electricity Transmission Company (TEIAS)

Efficiency and Adequacy of Energy Infrastructure
(0: Inefficient and Inadequate – 10: Efficient and Adequate)


Source: IMD World Competitiveness Online 1995-2014

Telecommunications Infrastructure

Telecommunications Infrastructure 2014
Mobile Telephone Subscribers 71.9 million
Fixed Line Subscribers 8.3 million
Mobile Broadband Subscribers 24.1 million
Broadband Subscribers 32.5 million

Source: Information and Communication Technologies Authority (ICTA) and TurkStat

Communication Technology (voice and data)
(0: Does not meet business requirements – 10: Meets business requirements)


Source: IMD World Competitiveness Online 1995-2014

Transportation Infrastructure

Transportation Infrastructure 2014
Air Passengers 166 million
Airports 52 (13 international)
Road Network 65,909 km
·         Motorway 2,155 km
·         State Highway 31,280 km
·         Provincial Roads 32,474 km
Railway Network 12,097 km
·         Conventional Line 11,209 km
·         High-Speed Line 888 km
Seaport Handling 386 million tons
·         Loading 116 million tons
·         Unloading 216 million tons
·         Transit 54 million tons
Air Cargo 2.3 million tons
·         Domestic 685,000 tons
·         International 1.7 million tons

Source: Ministry of Transport, Maritime and Communication and TurkStat

Turkey’s advantages include its logistics industry, which has developed significantly since its entry into the EU Customs Union. Its geographic, physical, and corporate infrastructure is one of the key attractions for potential investors, as seen below:

  • Turkey’s proximity to major markets, such as the CIS, the Middle East, and North Africa means that approx. 1.5 billion consumers can easily be reached.
  • Turkey has a pivotal role in connecting Pan-European transport corridors to Central Asia. Additionally, the Mediterranean basin, to which Turkey is a natural conduit, has gained greater prominence in both East-West and North-South connections.
  • The national road and railroad networks are completely integrated into the Eurasian infrastructure. The Silk Road Railway project will ensure a uniform rail route between Europe, the Middle East, the Turkic republics, and the Far East through Turkey. Regular truck transportation and Ro-Ro ferry routes are continuing to increase logistic services capacity.
  • Turkey aims to have 10,000 km of high-speed train lines in 2023, and to connect more than 29 provinces of Turkey with each other, in addition to connecting continents. These projects include:

o Ankara-Istanbul High-Speed Train Project
o Ankara-Sivas High-Speed Train Project
o Ankara-Polatli-Afyon-Usak-Izmir High-Speed Train Project
o Bursa-Bilecik High-Speed Train Project

Mega Projects

  • Marmaray: With its first phase in use since October 2013, the 90th anniversary of the Republic of Turkey, Marmaray is an undersea railway tunnel linking the Asian and European sides of Istanbul. Marmaray makes a significant contribution to Istanbul’s railway network, with connections to the Istanbul metro and high-speed railway line between Istanbul and Ankara. Marmaray has carried more than 50 million passengers since its inauguration.
  • Third Bosphorus Bridge and North Marmara Highway:The bridge (namely, Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge) will link Istanbul’s European and Asian sides and is set to become the world’s widest and longest combined road and rail bridge. The bridge is part of the North Marmara Highway project, stretching from Adapazari, Sakarya to Tekirdag. Once fully operational, the project will ease the burden on the existing two bridges on the Bosphorus and provide a transit passage for freight transportation by lifting the traffic load on the busy city center.
  • Eurasia Tunnel: The tunnel will enable motor vehicles to travel between Asia and Europe via a highway tunnel running underneath the seabed. The two-deck undersea tunnel will have a daily capacity of 120,000 vehicles and cut the distance between Kazlicesme on the European side and Goztepe on the Asian side of Istanbul.
  • Third Airport in Istanbul:The airport will be located on the northwest of Istanbul’s European side and is set to become the largest airport in the world in terms of annual passenger capacity. The 150-million-passenger capacity air terminal will be connected to the Third Bosphorus Bridge via the North Marmara Highway, and will also play a vital role in making Istanbul a global air travel hub.
  • Gebze-Orhangazi-Izmir Highway and Izmit Bay Bridge: The project will shorten the overland travel distance between Istanbul and Turkey’s third largest city, Izmir, and will also feature the 3-km Izmit Bay Bridge, which will become the fourth largest suspension bridge upon completion.
  • Three-Storey Grand Istanbul Tunnel:The three-storey subsea tunnel will connect Istanbul’s Asian and European sides under the Bosphorus and will feature a railway between two highways for motor vehicles. The 6.5-km-long tunnel will sit 110 m below sea level and will be the first of its kind in the world. The tunnel will not only reduce the traffic load on the existing two bridges on the Bosphorus but will also maximize time savings.
  • Canakkale Suspension Bridge:The bridge will be located at the western end of the Sea of Marmara, close to the province of Canakkale (Dardanelles), and will become the longest suspension bridge in the world, with a center span longer than 2 km once completed. The bridge will be part of the Canakkale-Tekirdag-Kinali-Balikesir Highway and feature 2×3 lanes as well as train tracks.
  • Canal Istanbul: The canal will be an artificial sea-level waterway that will run parallel to the Bosphorus, connecting the Black Sea with the Sea of Marmara. 47 km in length and 150 meters wide, the canal will provide relief to naval traffic in the Bosphorus, particularly tanker traffic. The canal will be able to handle 160 vessels a day and is set to offer many investment opportunities, since it will create a huge habitat around the lands through which it passes.

With regard to the maritime sector, important projects include Candarli Port on the Aegean Sea, Mersin Second Container Port on the Mediterranean Sea and Filyos Port on the Black Sea. With these projects, each in one of the three seas surrounding Turkey, Turkey’s current container handling capacity is expected to triple.

Efficiency in the Distribution Infrastructure for Goods and Services
(0: Inefficient – 10: Efficient)


Source: IMD World Competitiveness Online 1995-2014

Turkey meets the requirements for efficient and cost-effective shipment of goods, with its high performance infrastructure, reliable transportation services and strategic location in the region.



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