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FDI in Turkey

FDI in Turkey

FDI in Turkey

FDI Inflow to Turkey (USD billion)

fdi-inflow-turkey

Source: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

FDI Inflow to Turkey by Year

USD million
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
FDI Total (Net) 9,099 16,176 13,282 12,457 12,530
 Equity Investments (Net) 6,221 14,146 10,126 9,298 8,445
·         Inflows 6,256 16,137 10,759 9,866 8,699
·         Liquidation Outflows 35 1,991 633 568 254
 Intra -ompany Loans* 384 17 520 110 -236
Real Estate (Net) 2,494 2,013 2,636 3,049 4,321

*Loans that companies with foreign capital are given by foreign partners

Source: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

FDI Inflow to Turkey by Sector

During the last five years, the intermediation and manufacturing sectors have attracted the highest amount of FDI.

USD million
Sectors 2010 2011 2012 2013* 2014*
Agriculture 81 32 43 47 61
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 81 32 43 47 61
Industrial sectors 2,887 8,038 5,480 4,819 4,666
Mining and quarrying 136 146 213 242 449
Manufacturing 924 3,597 4,343 2,207 2,891
·         Manufacture of food products, beverages and tobacco 124 650 2,201 400 557
·         Manufacture of textiles and textile products 94 148 376 60 139
·         Manufacture of leather and leather products 0 0 0 0 1
·         Manufacture of wood and wood products 1 0 84 3 0
·         Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products; publishing and printing 18 74 12 107 90
·         Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel 3 1,255 179 236 100
·         Manufacture of chemicals, chemical products, basic pharmaceutical products and materials 120 348 579 272 495
·         Manufacture of rubber and plastic products 7 128 486 168 75
·         Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products 54 37 10 29 158
·         Manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products 213 292 101 100 129
·         Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. 64 76 32 5 4
·         Manufacture of computers, electronic-electrical and optical equipment 177 464 143 607 918
·         Manufacture of transport equipment 38 93 121 97 124
·         Manufacturing n.e.c. 11 32 19 123 101
Electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning supply 1,824 4,293 924 2,334 1,323
Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation 3 2 0 36 3
Services 3,288 8,067 5,236 5,000 3,972
Construction 310 301 1,427 178 232
Wholesale and retail trade 435 709 221 377 1,165
Transportation and storage 183 222 130 300 136
Accommodation and food service activities 113 122 16 59 20
Information and communication services 36 36 133 110 212
Financial and insurance activities 1,621 5,883 2,084 3,415 1,535
·         Financial service activities (banks) 835 4,745 1,500 1,608 1,018
·         Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding (except compulsory social security) 766 882 348 1,538 120
·         Activities of holding companies 10 170 176 229 262
·         Other activities auxiliary to financial services 10 86 60 40 135
Real estate activities 241 300 173 128 227
Professional, scientific and technical activities 94 103 78 87 94
Administrative and support service activities 17 55 234 175 93
Public administration and defense, compulsory social security 0 0 0 0 0
Education 17 68 60 2 0
Human health and social work activities 112 232 546 106 200
Arts, entertainment and recreation 62 13 81 5 2
Other service activities 47 23 53 58 56
Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods–and-service-producing activities of households for own use 0 0 0 0 0
Activities of extra-territorial organizations and bodies 0 0 0 0 0
Total 6,256 16,137 10,759 9,866 8,699

(*) Provisional

Source: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

Geographic Breakdown of FDI Inflow to Turkey

The majority of FDI inflows to Turkey come from Europe, North America, and the Gulf countries.

USD million
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013* 2014*
Europe 5,248 4,939 12,588 7,925 6,400 6,566
Developed Europe 4,942 4,737 11,495 7,303 5,272 5,512
EFTA countries 281 197 323 592 234 324
Other European countries 25 5 770 30 894 730
Africa 2 0 0 0 221 42
North Africa 1 0 0 0 0 0
Other African countries 1 0 0 0 221 42
America 331 384 1,485 491 343 325
North America 312 378 1,423 471 342 325
Central America 12 0 57 16 1 0
South America 7 6 5 4 0 0
Asia      673 928 2,055 2,337 2,899 1,766
Near and Middle Eastern countries 361 473 1,558 1,593 2,286 1,231
Arabian Gulf countries 209 388 195 940 880 425
Other Near and Middle Eastern countries 78 45 1,359 653 1,406 788
Other Asian countries 312 455 497 744 613 535
Oceania and polar regions 12 5 9 6 3 0
Unclassified 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 6,266 6,256 16,137 10,759 9,866 8,699

(*) Provisional

Source: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

Companies with International Capital

As of 2014, more than 39,100 companies with foreign capital operate in Turkey.

Number of Companies with International Capital

(Cumulative, in thousands)

2-foreign-capital-turkey-2015-EN

Source: Ministry of Economy

 

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